Strategic purchasing for Universal Health Coverage: Social Health Insurance fund in Vietnam
This research brief provides an overview of how health service purchasing functions in Vietnam’s Social Health Insurance (SHI) fund. It examines the Vietnam Social Security (VSS) as the purchasing agent, and how VSS interacts with three key groups: health service providers, the national government (Ministry of Health (MoH) and Provincial Departments of Health (DoH), and citizens.
The brief compares actual purchasing practices with ideal strategic purchasing actions to identify design and implementation gaps and the factors that influence effective purchasing. Finally, it draws policy implications for what needs be done to produce the desired actions by groups involved in purchasing.
The RESYST Consortium, in collaboration with the Asia Pacific Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, has critically examined how health care purchasing functions in ten low and middle-income countries to identify factors that influence the ability of health care purchasers and other key actors to take strategic actions.